James Galloway  Log Cabin in Park of  Xenia Ohio, in Greene County.

the Galloways having been prominently represented here since the days of the very beginning of the Xenia settlement, or from the time that James Galloway, Sr., a soldier of the Revolution and an Indian fighter, companion of Daniel Boone, came into the valley of the Little Miami with his family from Kentucky in 1797 and settled in the vicinity of the Indian Village, or Chillicothe, now and for many years known as Oldtown, just north of the city of Xenia."

James Galloway Sr. who was one of the very first pioneers of Greene County, arriving there in 1797. This is published about James Galloway Sr. on pages 228 and 229 of the "Greene County Ohio History.

"...the Galloways having been prominently represented here since the days of the very beginning of the Xenia settlement, or from the time that James Galloway, Sr., a soldier of the Revolution and an Indian fighter, companion of Daniel Boone, came into the valley of the Little Miami with his family from Kentucky in 1797 and settled in the vicinity of the Indian Village, or Chillicothe, now and for many years known as Oldtown, just north of the city of Xenia."

About 1776, after his service in the revolution, James Galloway removed from Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, to Lexington Kentucky, remaining a citizen of that territory till 1797. It was during this period that he took part in the expeditions of Kentucky troops against the Shawnee Indians at Old Chillicothe, in 1782 and 1784, and determined, whenever peace was declared with them, to found his family home near Old Chillicothe.

In 1797, the frontiersman and revolutionary war soldier, James Galloway moved his family just south – at the site of present day Xenia. Twenty nine 29-year-old Tecumseh was taught to read and write by a James Galloway daughter named Rebecca and the two reportedly fell in love. (Some say the "love affair" part may or may not be actually true, but the fact that she taught him to read and write the English language was true) .

When Greene County was organized in 1803 he was elected treasurer of the county, an office he filled for more than fifteen years. To him is the psalm-signing portion of the community under obligation for his untiring efforts in bringing first to the county the Rev. Robert Armstrong, and other preachers of the Presbyterian Church, and making his home theirs.

Additional James Galloway Sr. information and the Rev. Robert Armstrong information

During his long and useful life he was ever ready to help those deserving of help. James Galloway Sr. died on August 6, 1838, at the ripe old age of 88 years, and was buried in the Massies Creek burying ground.

In 1803 Ohio became the first territory  carved out of the Northwest Territory, and was opened for settlement. Ohio was rich with both Pioneer/Frontier/Settler exploits and Native American history and events, and the struggle that ensued as settlers moved in during the western expansion into Ohio territory was monumental, to say the least. About two miles north of Xenia Ohio, lies a crossroads now called Oldtown  (or Old Town) or Chillicothe "Old Chillicothe". This area was the center of civilized Native American activity in the Ohio Territory.

the Caesars  Creek township area of Greene County, Ohio.

Here, in the last half of the 1700s the Shawnee and Delaware Nation(s) center/capitol was located. Oldtown - in Greene County, Ohio was home of the great Shawnee warrior, Tecumseh. Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa "The Prophet", attempted to band together all the Indian tribes/nations to stand against what they saw as the encroachment of the settlers into Indian land. Tecumseh was born in old Chillicothe (Oldtown) in 1768.

The Shawnee in the Ohio River valley had been attempting as early as 1775 to stop white settlement into their lands beginning in the time of  Boone's involvement with the Cumberland Gap and Wilderness Road.

cumberlandgapwildernessrd.jpg (300150 bytes) Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wilderness_road_en.png

Image Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumberland_Gap

The Shawnee Chief Blackfish was well known for repeatedly laying siege to Daniel Boone's Boonesborough beginning in 1775. When Daniel Boone was captured by the Shawnee in 1778, it was the Shawnee Village Oldtown  or Chillicothe where he was held. Boone ultimately developed friendly relations with the Shawnee.

In 1808 Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa moved their Indian center from Oldtown /Chillicothe, Ohio to "Prophet’s Town" (or Prophetstown) in Tippecanoe County, Indiana (junction of the Wabash and Tippecanoe rivers).

Events were set into motion in September 1809 when Governor/General Harrison got some Indian leaders to sign the Treaty of  Ft. Wayne, which ceded about three million acres of Indian lands to Ohio and Indiana Territory at a price of less than a penny an acre. This was the catalyst that started Tecumseh's attempts to form his envisioned inter-tribal confederacy to fight the settlers and invalidate the Ft. Wayne Treaty. But, at the end of day, the lack of effective Indian technology, especially military weaponry and logistical capabilities, ultimately provided too many obstacles.

In November 7, 1811 "Battle of Tippecanoe", at Prophet's Town, Indiana Territorial Governor (and General) William Henry Harrison's army defeated the Indians with a force of 1,000 men, and after the battle burned the evacuated and empty Prophet's Town to the ground. The battle happened while Tecumseh was away, recruiting other tribes to join the Indian confederacy.

Tecumseh had apparently warned his brother not to do battle (yet) against Harrison until Tecumseh returned with more men. But The Prophet was somehow provoked into attacking Harrison's forces anyway, resulting in a great Shawnee defeat, and a subsequent diminishment of The Prophet's status among the Indians.

Tecumseh returned later to Prophet's Town and continued to attempt to battle the settlers.  Later, he thought aligning with the British in the War of 1812 was his last hope to battle the superior American numbers, weaponry, and technology.

The British, for their part, thought the establishment of an Indian State could serve as a buffer between America and British Canada.

Tippecanoe Battle Ground Plat Map (Source: http://genealogytrails.com/ind/vanderburgh/hist_ind.htm )

After the Treaty of St. Mary's in 1818, the federal government had all the Indian reserves in northern Indiana surveyed and mapped. The plat map for one of the reserves included the site of General William Henry Harrison's battle with Tecumseh at Tippecanoe. This map is the earliest we can trace of the battlefield; it was probably surveyed in late 1819 or early 1820 by Deputy Surveyor Joseph S. Allen. (Source: http://genealogytrails.com/ind/vanderburgh/hist_ind.htm )

Tecumseh's "Prophets Town" in Tippecanoe County, Indiana (junction of the Wabash and Tippecanoe river

Above Image (Tippecanoe Battle Ground Plat Map) Source: http://genealogytrails.com/ind/vanderburgh/hist_ind.htm


Tecumseh was commissioned a Brigadier General by the British and commanded a force of 2,000 native Americans from 30 tribes. In 1813 General Harrison moved north with 3,500 troops chasing the fleeing British. Tecumseh's troops stood and fought at the British flank - to cover the British retreat - as British General Proctor and the Redcoats fled for their lives into Canada. Tecumseh was killed there - defending the British Army's flank at the Battle of the Thames River, Ontario.

There ended Tecumseh's vision of any unified Indian confederacy which could be strong enough to fight the Americans. The various tribal leaders following Tecumseh drifted away to other places or where they had came from. The fame and acclaim William Henry Harrison received for the Battle of Tippecanoe victory later helped Harrison to become the 40th U.S. President in 1840.

This additional information is found concerning the local history of the area of the Greene County, Ohio area:

"Some of the first people to experience the area's beauty were the Mound-builders, and later, the Shawnee Indians. Just five miles south of Yellow Springs, approximately where the town of Oldtown is now, was the site of Old Chillicothe, one of the leading Shawnee settlements in Ohio.

The great Shawnee warrior, Tecumseh, was a frequent visitor here and to the nearby  James Galloway House, which has been kept intact by the Greene County Historical Society."

"The Mound-builders were eventually driven out by other tribes who moved into the area over time. These Indians were organized into tribes and governed by chiefs. Many simply roamed through the area with the exception of the Shawnee who built cabins, had orchards, garden and cornfields.

They even identified a capital which was three miles north of present day Xenia in Old Chillicothe or as it is known today, OldTown. You may recognize a few of their famous Chiefs and Warriors, Silver Heels, Cornstalk, Blackfish, Blackhoof, Blue Jacket or BlueJacket, and Tecumseh & The Prophet. Tecumseh became a great orator and maintained a great influence among tribes from Ohio to Florida.

He was often in Xenia and maintained a close relationship with the James Galloway family. He fell in love with Rebecca Galloway. However they never married because he would not take up the white man's ways and she would not become an Indian."

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